UK – NICE, PHE publish antimicrobial prescribing guidance on pneumonia

The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) and Public Health England have published final antimicrobial prescribing guidance on community-acquired (CAP) and hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) in adults, young people and children.

The organisation says that the two guidelines set out an antimicrobial prescribing strategy that aims to optimise antibiotic use and reduce antibiotic resistance. The guidance also states that both types of pneumonia can be life-threatening. New recommendations have been added to highlight that antibiotic treatment should be started as soon as possible – no more than four hours after diagnosis and one hour if sepsis is suspected.

Between 2013 and 2017, drug resistant infections in people increased by 35% in England. Earlier this year, NICE reviewed evidence that found that people, on average, are being prescribed unnecessarily long courses of antibiotics which may lead to antibiotic resistance…